首页& Garden 1691: Captain 基德’家在珍珠街

基德’他在明珠街上的时髦新房,他与上流社会的妻子和两个可爱的女儿合住了。那是在东门附近 New York’的北墙,后来成为华尔街。在以后的几年中,垃圾填埋场将向东扩展,将旧的珍珠街住所从海滨移走。

明天’的播客将以spooky urban folktale about the buried treasure of Captain William 基德. For a little background on 基德’s life, I’请转载自2010年1月起的这篇文章。(原文为 这里

2009年我们在三一教堂的播客, I refer to 纽约er 和 Trinity Church benefactor William 基德 是大西洋上最臭名昭著的海盗之一。现在我觉得这可能有点诽谤。

It is true that 基德, forever known to generations of seafarers as Captain 基德, was vilified by the British for illicit profiteering 和 eventually hanged in London on May 23, 1701. But 基德 himself fought off the charges voraciously, 和 today historians believe 基德 was scapegoated 和 was himself following orders of the governor of the 纽约 colony himself — 理查德·库特,贝洛蒙伯爵。是的,那个试图废除三位一体教会宪章的人!

I’ll save the details of 基德’各种用途 海盗主题博客. 基德 可能 have been prosecuted unfairly, but the legend that arose around his real or imagined exploits makes him one of 纽约 City’s most notorious residents of the 17th century. Not only was 基德 one of early 纽约’是最富有的居民,但毫无疑问,他从卧室可以欣赏到全市最好的风景之一。

根据历史学家理查德·扎克斯(Richard Zacks)的说法,纽约“北美英语殖民地的海盗首选港口”1690年代,这里拥有丰富的港口和相对多元的文化港口。在英国仍然是一个动荡的殖民地’拥有土地,很容易到处走走而不会受到骚扰,也可以招募其他志同道合的猎鹰去做即将到来的工作。

下图:艺术家霍华德·皮勒(Howard Pile,1894年11月)为《哈珀斯》杂志(Harpers Magazine)创作的精美素描,背景还包括堡垒和风车 [资源 纽约警察局]

基德 was an employee of the Crown, a privateer essentially hired to capture pirates 和 any foreign vessels that got in England’s way. He was based in 纽约 for many of the same reasons more illicit sea captains were 这里 —机会,金钱和适合他的船只的港口(Kidd’s was called the 冒险厨房)。

He came to 纽约 in 1691 和 soon married 莎拉·奥尔特(Sarah Oort), a woman with extraordinary bad luck. Her first two husbands had died, one at sea, 和 after 基德’s execution, she would then marry a fourth time. William 和 Sarah would have two daughters who would marry well into 纽约 society despite their father’s notoriety.

Despite his career, 基德 was considered a respectable 纽约 gentleman —我想是因为他的妻子’来自她之前的两次婚姻。还有,他们的挖’t bad. Although the 基德s owned several properties (again, thanks to Sarah), their primary residence was at the 珍珠街119号(如图所示),在 汉诺威和珍珠街的拐角处,这个位置本来是海滨财产。它也位于 汉诺威广场, 纽约’的零售区和后来的殖民地之家’s first newspapers.

The sizable home was located next to 纽约’的旧城墙,在十年内将被拆除的防御工事,并以其命名的街道取代。
The 基德s home was especially lavish for the time, with “104盎司的银器,”一个健康的酒窖和该市最大的土耳其地毯。他们的财富会使他们 座位的候选人 at the newly built Trinity Church in 1696. Although 基德 provided equipment to help build the church, it appears 基德 himself never worshipped there. (His wife Sarah most likely did.)

Virtually no traces of this era exist in downtown Manhattan today, 和 the land extension east 和 the skyscrapers built there eradicate the view the 基德s would have had from their home.

一百多年后,在同一住址住着一个名叫 让·维克多·玛丽·莫罗 谁也会影响世界历史:他’最有名的一次性右手 拿破仑·波拿巴,在1804年因背叛而被驱逐出境,并被送往美国,在那里他在119 Pearl住了一段时间。

You can read a nice, lengthy piece about 基德 和 his 纽约 connections 这里 at 海事史.

1 reply on “Home & Garden 1691: Captain 基德’家在珍珠街”

I once lived at 120 Pearl St. from 1941 until 1960 the building was torn down in 1969. My father told me stories when I was a child, saying Capt. 基德 lived on this very spot. I thought he was making up stories until I read your 文章. I love old NY had a book published in 2004.

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