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纽约’的第一美术馆:市政厅中彩网3d大厅


大都会艺术博物馆 包含与市政厅早期历史相关的非常不寻常的艺术品。实际上,这是造成有时被认为是纽约的原因’最早的美术馆—比大都会博物馆本身早几十年。

奇怪的油画叫做 凡尔赛宫和花园的全景 通过 John 范德林 (如下图所示)。奇怪,因为’是一件中彩网3d艺术品,需要在大都会艺术博物馆的美国翼楼中留有自己的空间,在这里它被分成两部分,使在它们之间走动的观众沉浸其中。

范德林 was a painter of great renown at the start of the 19th century, despite being a protege 和 close friend of disgraced vice president Aaron Burr. He went on to create portraits of many great men of the age, including several presidents.

这位画家于1818年在他位于纽约以北100英里的纽约金斯顿的童年时代的家中绘制了凡尔赛全景图。在一些纽约富人的支持下(包括 约翰·雅各布·阿斯特), 范德林 received permission from the city to build a small rotunda in which to properly display this odd, grandiose canvas. And prime real estate it was, located just a few steps north of the newly built 市政府 at Chambers Street 和 Cross Street (or, 今天’s Centre Street )。

它也是废弃的施舍的隔壁。该设施的居民已被运送到新创建的 贝尔维尤医院 这次和大楼’的走廊充满了更高的组织,例如 纽约历史学会飞毛腿’s American Museum。优雅,非常适合邻近的洗手间博物馆。

范德林’自己设计的画廊*很小但很密集,是一个微型的万神殿,屋顶圆顶高40英尺。独特的是,这是一个专门针对一位艺术家的美术馆— 范德林. However, the piece was not completed in time for the Rotunda opening, 和 another panorama was displayed —据称是爱尔兰艺术家罗伯特·巴克(Robert Barker)对巴黎市的介绍 发明了全景画.

Eventually 范德林 brought 凡尔赛宫 to the Rotunda on May 26, 1820, as well other panoramas of Athens 和 Geneva, enhanced of course 通过 the presence of more traditional paintings. 的 stipulation was that the artist could use the space as his own personal showroom for nine years, when it would pass over to the city for their own purposes.

Below: a segment of 范德林’大都会博物馆的全景

However, it appears he grossly overestimated his own appeal. 范德林 was constantly owing money for the building’的养护和观众从未涌入画廊,以使它获利。艺术家必须在旅途中拍一些作品,以提高对它们的兴趣。

Well before his nine years were up, 范德林 was interested in renewing his lease, but 纽约 City had other plans. Despite the pleas of some of 范德林’s wealthy friends,将建筑物改建为小型法院—于1829年为最高法院(县级刑事法院)—并一度变成纽约’的入籍办公室和附近的邮局。

绘画亚历山大·杰克逊·戴维斯

1845年,当艺术被用于首届展览时,它短暂地回到了中彩网3d大厅。 纽约 Gallery of the Fine Arts,是一个由艺术品收藏家组成的财团,汇集了“$1 a year”取消他们的欧洲绘画收藏。画廊只在中彩网3d大厅停留了很短的时间,于1848年搬到百老汇大街663号的一个更优雅的画廊,并在他们完全解散之后 十年后将其全部藏品捐赠给了历史学会。

到那时,中彩网3d建筑的经典荣耀已被该市要求将穹顶结构转变为政府机构的扩建项目所掩盖。纽约和希腊曾经的荣耀曾经垂下之地,纽约则淹没了水位和Almshouse Commissioner的住所。尽管尝试进行适当的变更— including a “丙纶,有一个门廊和四个多立克柱” —中彩网3d大厅再也没有恢复任何形式的美学荣耀。 1870年,这座城市被彻底拆除,以至该市开始建造特威德法院大楼。

As for 范德林, true success continued to evade him. In 1842, he would paint one of his most well-known pieces, 哥伦布着陆,美国政府的佣金 五美元的钞票. Yet, just ten years later, 范德林 would alledged die in poverty back in his home in Kingston, where he had created the Rotunda panoramas.

Below: 范德林’的绘画及其上出现的金钱

首都建筑师

他的 凡尔赛宫 1956年将其捐赠给大都会博物馆时,这幅画将受到热烈欢迎。博物馆在其中建造了一个特殊的中彩网3d房间。

点击这里 for a nice review of 范德林’凡尔赛全景图和绘画整个全景图的概述。

* Many sources seem to grant 范德林 the honor of designing the Rotunda himself, although 一个来源 列出一个更可能的候选人—马丁·欧几里德·汤普森(Martin Euclid Thompson),实际上是一名建筑师。

(该文章最初于2009年在此博客上发表)

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